English Quiz: Synonyms and Antonyms (Set-3)

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English Quiz: Synonyms and Antonyms (Set-3)

Hello Aspirants,
Today we are presenting you the third quiz set of Synonyms and Antonyms (Set-3) on the topic Synonyms and Antonyms. There are about 3-5 questions on Synonyms and Antonyms in every exam paper. Here 20 questions are given below. Try to solve it.

English Quiz: Synonyms and Antonyms (Set-3)

Directions (Q. 1–6) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the given question. Certain words have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

There has been a glut in the real estate sector, both in the commercial and residential segments. Nevertheless, neither dipping demand nor dwindling finances have been able to moderate supply as real estate developers continue to offer an assortment of properties albeit largely in upscale localities. Banks and financial institutions have tied a noose around the neck of real estate developers by strangling funds to the sector. Banks have run out of liquidity and the quality of their assets have dragged their profitability down. This has led to a slew of unfinished projects, further exacerbated by unoccupied properties. It is only natural to expect that prices will not only go northwards; there was bound to be some correction. The current time period seems ripe for such a correction. In the period between 2007 and 2011, companies in India were raring to go, flush with funds with which they launched a plethora of projects. The bubble had to burst someday. While an incessant increase in prices was never on the cards, the question of ‘when’ has hounded investors and brokers alike. While some analysts believe that the correction will be slight and prices will bottom out sooner than later, the clear downward trend in sales of homes cannot be ignored. Sites such as www.magicbricks.com have already observed a 5-10% decline in prices in properties in Mumbai. Developers are already distressed with the sizeable number of unsold units. This inventory will take years to offload. While the situation is likely to get worse before it gets better, there are still those who have put most if not all their eggs in this basket. The reasoning is not too convoluted to comprehend. Real estate is one of the few sectors (along with the stock market) that has been known to beat inflation over a long time horizon. One of the signs of revival is the double-digit growth enjoyed by housing finance companies in the first quarter of this financial year as compared to the year-ago period. With the RBI refusing to rein in interest rates, there is not much hope of revival of demand through low-cost housing projects.

There are many pitfalls of investing in this market. For one thing, real estate transactions are murky affairs without transparent dealings. Most people transact under the table. This leads to an imprecise process of price discovery as the presence of black money hides the true picture of rates in the market. Secondly, people may not always invest in homes for self-occupation. Speculation is rife in this market. For instance, brokers book several apartments at the launch stage of different projects only to offload them once the property is developed. The returns in these cases are earned in the form of capital gains and, on a smaller scale, if profits are not immediately booked, rental income. Such speculation can lead to price manipulation where there is a sudden escalation or fall in prices without an accompanied change in productivity or value. There are some who still hold on to the old-fashioned belief that a house is meant to be lived in. Ownership of more than the place of residence is considered superfluous and counter-productive for this segment.

Earlier, high prices in real estate were driven by the dotcom boom. With more disposable income in the hands of people and low supply of office and residential space, prices were only going upwards. However, now with most people investing in second and third properties, the utility of these investments is in question. Also, the prospects of continued and uninterrupted growth in India and around the world is still uncertain. Furthermore, high interest rates and inflation will ensure that the realty sector undergoes some correction. It might be best to adopt a wait-and-watch strategy as far as investing in a second property is concerned though not advisable with the first one, if only for the sake of ownership.

1. Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word given in BOLD as used in the passage.
Glut
a) scarcity
b) surfeit
c) deficit
d) frugality
e) rapacity

Answer & Explanation

2. Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word given in BOLD as used in the passage.
Slew
a) army
b) military
c) exterminated
d) combat
e) None of the above

Answer & Explanation

3. Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word given in BOLD as used in the passage.
Exacerbate
a) amend
b) worsen
c) ameliorate
d) minimise
e) exaggerate

Answer & Explanation

4. Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word given in BOLD as used in the passage.
Plethora
a) plenty
b) indulge
c) diligent
d) dearth
e) proprietorship

Answer & Explanation

5. Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word given in BOLD as used in the passage.
Convoluted
a) pretentious
b) haphazard
c) intricate
d) fitful
e) straight-forward

Answer & Explanation

6. Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word given in BOLD as used in the passage.
Rein in
a) curtail
b) pour
c) stimulate
d) curb
e) suppress

Answer & Explanation

Directions (Q. 7–11) : In this question four words are given of which two are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning. Find the two words which are either most nearly the same or opposite in meaning and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct letter combination.

7. In this question four words are given of which two are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are either most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct letter combination.
(A) Tormented
(B) Agonised
(C) Aroused
(D) Removed

a) A – C
b) A – B
c) A – D
d) C – D
e) B – D

Answer & Explanation

8. In this question, four words are given of which two are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are either most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct letter combination.
a) Striking
b) Unimpressive
c) Striving
d) Unwilling

a) A – C
b) B – D
c) A – B
d) C – D
e) B – C

Answer & Explanation

9. In this question, four words are given of which two are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are either most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct letter combination.
a) Patent
b) Stylish
c) Wasted
d) Fashionable

a) A – C
b) C – D
c) A – D
d) B – D
e) B – C

Answer & Explanation

10. In this question, four words are given of which two are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are either most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct letter combination.
a) Disclose
b) Withstand
c) Withhold
d) Decide

a) A – C
b) B – C
c) A – D
d) C – D
e) B – D

Answer & Explanation

11. In this question four words are given of which two are most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning. Find the two words which are either most nearly the SAME or OPPOSITE in meaning and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct letter combination.
a) Fathomed
b) Devastated
c) Ruined
d) Abrupt

a) B – D
b) B – C
c) C – D
d) A – C
e) A – D

Answer & Explanation

Directions (Q. 12–20) : Choose the word which is SAME/OPPOSITE in meaning to the word given in the question.

12. Select from amongst the four alternatives, the word nearest SAME in meaning to the word given in capitals.
STRIDENCY

a) stress
b) consistency
c) flippant
d) harshness

Answer & Explanation

13. Select from amongst the four alternatives, the word nearest SAME in meaning to the word given in capitals.
HARBINGER

a) messenger
b) steward
c) forerunner
d) pilot

Answer & Explanation

14. Select from amongst the four alternatives, the word most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word given in capitals.
HYPOCRITICAL

a) gentle
b) sincere
c) amiable
d) dependable

Answer & Explanation

15. Select from amongst the four alternatives, the word most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word given in capitals.
FUTILITY

a) value
b) usefulness
c) importance
d) urgency

Answer & Explanation

16. Choose the word which is nearly the SAME in meaning to the word given in capitals.
ADMONISH

a) punish
b) curse
c) dismiss
d) reprimand

Answer & Explanation

17. Choose the word which is nearly the SAME in meaning to the word given in capitals
WRETCHED

a) poor
b) foolish
c) insane
d) strained

Answer & Explanation

18. Choose the word which is nearly the SAME in meaning to the word given in capitals.
ARCHAIC

a) earlier
b) outdated
d) complex
d) ancient

Answer & Explanation

19. Choose the word which is nearly the SAME in meaning to the word given in capitals.
AMEND

a) improve
b) blemish
d) impair
d) worsen

Answer & Explanation

20. Select from amongst the four alternatives, the word most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word given in capitals.
BRISK

a) agile
b) vigorcus
c) sluggish
d) energetic

Answer & Explanation

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